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isaiah 6:10 commentary

This effect is not the fault of the truth; and it is often well that the heart should be known, and the true effect should be seen. Think the like here. ". 8 Then he cried, “A lion, my Lord! Then said I, Here am I; send me. Compare John 11:45-46; John 12:10-11. This is our healing. Many hear the sound of God's word, but do not feel the power of it. In Acts 3:19, Peter uses "repent" and "convert" together.Both entail a recognition of self and sin and beating a hasty path to righteousness. of Kennicott's and fourteen of De Rossi's, and two editions, with the Septuagint, Syriac, Chaldee, and Vulgate. John then added, "These things Isaiah said, because he saw His glory, and he spoke of Him" ( John 12:41). And the wolf also shall dwell with the lamb This, and the three following verses ( Isaiah 11:7-9) , describe the peaceableness of the Messiah's kingdom; and which the Targum introduces in this manner, ``in the days of the Messiah of Israel, peace shall be multiplied in the earth.'' Hence arises a most excellent and altogether invaluable consolation to godly teachers, for supporting their minds against those grievous offenses which daily spring from the obstinacy of men, that, instead of being retarded by it, they may persevere in their duty with unshaken firmness. And such being the eminent advantage derived from the word of God, if we are not reconciled to God as soon as his word sounds in our ears, we have no right to lay the blame on any other, for it rests wholly with ourselves. Make, &c. = Declare or foretell that the heart of this People will be fat. . (3) By Paul, as coming from the Holy Ghost when, after a whole day"s conference, they "believed not" (Acts 28:25-27). The heaviness or torpidity is vigilant “lest” conversion should follow the prophet’s gospel. {see Isaiah 7:6} Refuse the waters of Shiloah. ] We may learn here. This making of their hearts fat is here ascribed to the prophet, as it is ascribed to God in the repetition of this prophecy, John 12:40, because God inflicted this judgment upon them by the ministry of the prophet, partly by way of prediction, foretelling that this would be the effect of his preaching; and partly by way of judicial operation, withdrawing the light and help of his Spirit, and giving them up to the power and arts of Satan, and to their own mistakes and lusts, whereby they are easily and commonly led to turn God’s word, as they do other things, into occasions of sin. Shut their eyes, Heb. --- Them. Those, however, whom God did not ordain to life eternal, He passed by and for their sin ordained to dishonor and wrath." The King: Who He is and what He will do (Isaiah 11:1-5) 2.The peace and blessing He brings (Isaiah 11:6-10) 3.The gathering of scattered Israel (Isaiah 11:11-16) It is a great vision of the future which this chapter unfolds.The critics deny that the blessed Person mentioned in the opening verses is our Lord Jesus. 270.) Observ. Lest they should see with their eyes, &c. ) was verbally directed to produce effects which he only predicted. The prophets are said to do what they denounce. In the NT repentance means a "change of mind." Mark 4:12. And this seems best to agree with the following words. The expression ל רפא is used in every other instance in a transitive sense, "to heal a person or a disease," and never in the sense of becoming well or being healed; but in the present instance it acquires a passive sense from the so-called impersonal construction (Ges. Agam. God justly held him responsible for his choice because he did have genuine, though limited, freedom. Make the heart - The word “heart” here is used in the sense of the “mind” - to denote all their mental powers. --- Hebrew may be, "surely they will not see," &c. (Calmet). That is, go and proclaim such “truth” to them as shall have this effect - as shall irritate, provoke, enrage them; truth, whose delivery shall be attended, in their gross and corrupt hearts, with this blinding and infatuating influence the effect would be produced by the corrupt state of their hearts, not by any native tendency of the truth, and still less by any direct divine influence. God, however, out of His mere good pleasure did choose them and ordain them to life eternal, and when the blessed gospel was heard by them, they were given a heart that was then willing and able to hear and to respond. 8 Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Isaiah 6:10. . (1-2) What Isaiah saw. Those hearts which formerly were of brass or iron ought to be softened by it; how then is it possible that it can harden them, as I have already observed? Lord--here Adonai, Jehovah in Isaiah 6:5; Jesus Christ is meant as speaking in Isaiah 6:10, according to John 12:41. A Vision. Fat - Gross, heavy, dull, stupid. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Ver. It implies the reckless headstrong will which defies restraint and warnings. to prepare a sumptuous, Julia-Childs-worthy meal. As with all scripture, this oft-cited prophesy of messianic expectations has been used to paint a picture for Christ’s reign at times detached from the message of the text itself. Of such a fat heart beware. God told Moses before he went to Pharaoh with the Lord"s message that the Egyptian king would harden his heart ( Exodus 3:19). ben Melec explains to this sense, in which it is hardly used elsewhere, on the authority of Onkelos. And the word טח tach is used in the same sense, Isaiah 44:18. That our faith may not fail, we ought to employ this support, that the office of teaching was enjoined on Isaiah, on the condition that, in scattering the seed of life, it should yield nothing but death; and that this is not merely a narrative of what once happened, but a prediction of the future kingdom of Christ, as we shall find to be stated shortly afterwards. Make their ears heavy; make them dull of hearing, as Isaiah 59:1 Zechariah 7:11, as sometimes the ears are made by an excessive noise. Commentary on Isaiah 6:9-13 (Read Isaiah 6:9-13) God sends Isaiah to foretell the ruin of his people. This is confirmed by the words in which his commission is expressed, and the substance of the message. We ought also to observe from the order and connection of the words, that the first step of healing is repentance. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. In simple terms, convert also means "to change," as in ice to water or dollars to pesos. This is a truly remarkable declaration; not only because Isaiah here foretold what was afterwards fulfilled under the reign of Christ, but also because it contains a most useful doctrine, which will be of perpetual use in the Church of God; for all who shall labor faithfully in the ministry of the word will be laid under the necessity of meeting with the same result. At the present day, those who have no other reproach to bring against the doctrine of the gospel maintain that the only effect produced by the preaching of it has been, that the world has become worse. Lest depends upon heavy. 2:278. There is a saying precisely like this in Aeschylus: -, "Seeing, they saw in vain; and hearing, they did not understand.". Which at times they would not, now they shall not; but having made a match with mischief, they shall henceforth have enough of it; they "love to have it so"; [Jeremiah 5:31] they "forsake their own mercies"; [Jonah 2:8] they are miserable by their own election. 2 Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. The whole blame of the evil is laid on the people for rejecting the amazing kindness of God; and hence is obtained a more complete solution of that difficulty to which we formerly adverted. Neither is there any the least injustice in such a proceeding. [Note: Young, 1:261.]. John Trapp Complete Commentary. But the word of God brings salvation; at least some benefit must arise from the preaching of it, that it may do good to some, though many are deprived of the advantage by their own unbelief. Gordon Churchyard. An apprentice hath given him by his master a candle to light him to bed, which he abuseth to light him to game or drink. Amplified® Darby K.J.V. Is God unwilling to heal? Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. And consequently the Lord now proceeded to shut the door of repentance against His people. Yet the Prophet shows, a little before, that the blame of this blindness lies with the people; for when he bids them hear, he bears witness that the doctrine is fitted for instructing the people, if they choose to submit to it; that light is given to guide them, if they will but open their eyes. There is a self-hardening in evil, which renders a man thoroughly incorrigible, and which, regarded as the fruit of his moral behaviour, is no less a judicial punishment inflicted by God, than self-induced guilt on the part of man. . The mediaeval adage, “Quem Deus vult perdere prius dementat,” expresses one aspect of the same law; but the vult perdere is excluded by the clearer revelation of the Divine purpose (Ezekiel 18:23; 1 Timothy 2:4; 2 Peter 2:9), as “not willing that any should perish.”, Shut their eyes.—Literally, as in Isaiah 29:10, daub, or besmear. “For when we in our viciousness grow hard, Oh, misery on’t, the wise gods seal our eyes.”. And shut their eyes - The word used here means "to spread over," and then to close. Then, offering reconciliation he holds out remedies for all diseases, not only of the body but of the soul. He was letting His prophet see beforehand what the outcome of his ministry would be. 6. Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. Fat - Gross, heavy, dull, stupid. I. Isaiah 20 Isaiah 22 Isaiah 21:6-10 New King James Version (NKJV) 6 For thus has the Lord said to me: “Go, set a watchman, Let him declare what he sees.” 7 And he saw a chariot with a pair of horsemen, A chariot of donkeys, and a chariot of camels, And he listened earnestly with great care. God crawls to the back of the wine cellar to retrieve the best vintage wines, wines that have aged for years, perhaps in preparation for this very occasion … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 25:6-9" Pelus 2. ep. Is not this the fast that I have chosen?] They have despised the Holy One of Israel. And make their ears heavy.] Barnes's Isaiah 6:10 Bible Commentary Make the heart - The word "heart" here is used in the sense of the "mind" - to denote all their mental powers. I.A.1.A. Isaiah may or may not have realized that his words had prophetic significance, in addition to being applicable to his own situation. A part of the blame we ought even to lay on ourselves, when the fruits are so scanty; and yet we must not abandon our office, or throw away our weapons. His business was to teach them, not error, but truth; to set them an example not of rebellion, but obedience to the Divine win; to diminish and do away with their moral insensibility and wickedness, not increase them. From the divine viewpoint, God had raised Pharaoh up to demonstrate His sovereignty and power in liberating the Israelites. Or the words may be understood thus, according to the Hebrew idiom: "Ye certainly hear, but do not understand; ye certainly see, but do not acknowledge." be healed—of their spiritual malady, sin (Isa 1:6; Ps 103:3; Jer 17:14). They are estranged and backward.” (1:4). And when they shall be converted (98) Here he expressly declares that he did not send the Prophet because he intended to save the people; but, on the contrary, because he intended to destroy them. “Make the heart of this people fat,” etc. The commission which the prophet received, reads as though it were quite irreconcilable with the fact that God, as the Good, can only will what is good. 'Go, and proclaim truth to a corrupt and sensual people, and the result will be that they will not hear; they are so wicked that they will not attend to it; they will become even more hardened; yet go, and though certain of producing this effect, still proclaim it;' see this passage explained in the notes at John 12:40. When we repent, he is reconciled to us, and the rods with which he chastised us are no longer employed. Accordingly, both in Matthew 13:14-15 and Acts 28:25-27, we find the passage so quoted and interpreted as to bring out the guilt of the people themselves, and constrain us to throw all the blame on them. The two are bound up in one another, inasmuch as sin from its very nature bears its own punishment, which consists in the wrath of God excited by sin. 10. Therefore, says he, they could not believe, because Isaiah said, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart. 370-386). 7 And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged. 1. For (1.) This is an accidental effect of the word preached, and proceedeth from men’s corruptions. Isaiah could do no more. Read Isaiah 43 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). It is undoubtedly true, that when we are drawn inwardly, (John 6:44,) it is an extraordinary gift of God, and that the arm of God is not revealed to all, (Isaiah 53:1;) but by this dreadful punishment of obstinate malice, Isaiah intended to teach, that we ought earnestly to beware of despising when God calls. Footnotes. Let us not wonder, therefore, if we appear to be like persons talking to the deaf, when we address those who boast of the name of God. Commentary on Isaiah 6 (Isaiah’s Commission) April 20, 2016 Bill Pratt Leave a comment. The Apostle John quoted this verse (and Isaiah 53:1) in reference to the Jews" inability in Jesus" day to believe on Him ( John 12:40). (10) Make the heart of this people fat.—The thought is the same as that of the “hardening” of Pharaoh’s heart (Exodus 8:19; Exodus 9:34, &c) and that of Sihon (Deuteronomy 2:30). Demosthenes uses it, and expressly calls it a proverb: ὡστε το της παροιμιας ὁρωντας μη ὁρᾳν, και ακουοντας μη ακουειν ; Conttra Aristogit. Ver. God, however, out of His mere good pleasure did choose them and ordain them to life eternal, and when the blessed gospel was heard by them, they were given a heart that was then willing and able to hear and to respond. (Matthew 3:2.) They carry in their mouth the word of God, by which,as by a lamp, the steps of men ought to be guided; for this encomium, we know, has been pronounced on it by David. And this order ought to be carefully observed, from which it is evident what object the Lord has in view in inviting us to himself, and what is the design of the heavenly doctrine, namely, that we may be converted. NASB E-Prime R.S.V. The theme of chapter 24 is sounded in its opening words: “Behold, Yahweh makes the earth empty, makes it waste, turns it upside down, and scatters its inhabitants” (24:1a). It is not the duty of the Prophets, therefore, to blind the eyes, but rather to open them. The traditional Jewish and Christian view is that the Book of Isaiah was written by the prophet of that name who lived during the 8 th and possibly 7 th century BC. Paul, too, shows from this passage, on more than one occasion, (Acts 28:27; Romans 11:8,) that the whole blame of blindness rests with themselves. I., sub fin. The meaning is, that they would so act that the effect of all his diligence and ingenuity to instruct and reform them would be to render them still more stupid and wicked, and still more the objects of the Lord’s displeasure. Romans 11:8). It is from the heart that corruption flows into the ears and eyes (Mark 7:21-22); but through the eye and ears healing reaches the heart (Romans 10:17) (Bengel). Their ears heavy - Dull, stupid, insensible. Gesenius takes the imperatives as futures. daub their eyes, as the word is used also Isaiah 44:18. John 12:40. Why then does he send his prophet? And be healed - Be restored from the malady of sin; be recovered and pardoned. (1) That the effect of truth is often to irritate people and make them more wicked. Isaiah 58:6 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? But our earlier doctrinarians have suggested the true solution, when they affirm that God does not harden men positive aut effective, since His true will and direct work are man's salvation, but occasionaliter et eventualiter, since the offers and displays of salvation which man receives necessarily serve to fill up the measure of his sins, and judicialiter so far as it is the judicial will of God, that what was originally ordained for men's salvation should result after all in judgment, in the case of any man upon whom grace has ceased to work, because all its ways and means have been completely exhausted. Make the heart of this people fat "Gross" - The prophet speaks of the event, the fact as it would actually happen, not of God's purpose and act by his ministry. Possibly the phrase refers to the barbarous practice, not unknown in the East, of thus closing the eyes as a punishment. We too have experienced it more than we could have wished; but it has been shared by all the servants of Christ, and therefore we ought to endure it with greater patience, though it is a very grievous stumbling-block to those who serve God with a pure conscience. The prophet, by the bold figure in the sentiment above mentioned, and the elegant form and construction of the sentence, has raised it from a common proverb into a beautiful mashal, and given it the sublime air of poetry. THE CONTEXT. Blind. And Ezekiel says, "When I came to destroy the city," that is, as it is rendered in the margin of our version, "when I came to prophesy that the city should be destroyed;" Ezekiel 43:3. Now, Christ is not separate from his Spirit, and therefore Paul had good reason for applying this passage to the Holy Spirit; for although God exhibited to the Prophet the lively image of himself in Christ, still it is certain that whatever he communicated was wholly breathed into him by the power of the Holy Spirit. Forasmuch as this people.] Here Isaiah is directed to cause results which will doubtless take place, but are not necessary effects of his action. Possibly the phrase refers to the barbarous practice, not unknown in the East, of thus closing the eyes as a punishment. 98) mentions a son of the Great Mogul who was thus punished by his father. Such blinding and hardening influence does not arise out of the nature of the word, but is accidental, and must be ascribed exclusively to the depravity of man. Most scholars treat chapters 24-27 as a unit. 10. That we turn to the Lord by true repentance, and then we are sure of healing, which is by pardon of sin, and power against it. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 6:1-13 EXEGESIS: ISAIAH 1-5. In that passage Paul introduces the Spirit as speaking, (Acts 28:25;) but John says that Isaiah spake thus of Christ, when he had beheld his glory. He does not indeed absolutely give the very words, but he states the meaning clearly enough. Indeed, the Prophet here speaks of it as unnatural and monstrous, that, by the doctrine of the word, the native tendency of which is to heal and soften, men should become insolent and obstinate and altogether incurable. A.). For just as in all the good that men do, the active principle is the love of God; so in all the harm that they do, the active principle is the wrath of God. Lest they see; that they may not be able, as before they were not willing, to see. (a). And be healed - Be restored from the malady of sin; be recovered and pardoned. Words in boxes are from the Bible. Isaiah Begins to *Prophesy. Thus this phrase is used Psalms 119:70. Seeing this is the case, make the heart of this people fat - declare it to be stupid and senseless; and remove from them the means of salvation, which they have so long abused. 6. It implies the reckless headstrong will which defies restraint and warnings. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 25:1-10a EXEGESIS: ISAIAH 24-27. Isa. The prophets are in other places said to perform the thing which they only foretell: -. It denotes here the state of mind which is more and more indisposed to attend to the truth. 1. The Coming King and His Kingdom. That is, go and proclaim such "truth" to them as shall have this effect - as shall irritate, provoke, enrage them; truth, whose delivery shall be attended, in their gross and corrupt hearts, with this blinding and infatuating influence the effect would be produced by the corrupt state of their hearts, not by any native tendency of the truth, and still less by any direct divine influence. (St. Isidore. I.A.1. And be healed "And I should heal" - פא ואר veer pa, Septuagint, Vulgate. Convert; turn from their sinful practices unto God. Isaiah 21:6-10. It is requisite that we have ears to hear, and eyes to see - not ears stopped, and eyes daubed up as these had; (2.) Mr. Harmer very ingeniously applies to this passage a practice of sealing up the eyes as a ceremony, or as a kind of punishment used in the East, from which the image may possibly be taken. In both cases, Moses" commission and Isaiah"s, God was not ruling out the possibility of repentance from the start. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Isaiah chapters 1 to 6. www.easyenglish.bible. However, from the human viewpoint, Pharaoh had the freedom to choose to submit to God or resist. In chapters 1-5, Isaiah uses harsh words to speak of Judah’s wickedness. And be healed,] i.e., Pardoned and purged. In Matthew 13:15 the words are quoted in the indicative, is waxed gross, (so the Septuagint), not the imperative, make fat: God's word as to the future is as certain as if it were already fulfilled. Under the influence of these futures the two preterites לו ורפא שׁב affirm what might have been the result if this hardening had not taken place, but what would never take place now. Solemnly quoted in three great dispensational crises: (1) By Christ (Matthew 13:14), as coming from Jehovah on the day a council was held "to destroy Him". Now, the cause of all the evils which we endure is our rebellion against God. (John 12:39 (97)). John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Old Testament (I. Christ as Fulfilment of). We may learn here. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Fat things are less sensible, and fat hearted people are noted by Aristotle for dull and stupid. "These things Isaiah said, because he saw His glory, and he spoke of Him" (, ". But their calumnies will not hinder his justice from being displayed, or hinder him from vindicating itself, and at the same time vindicating us. But they rebelled — Revolted from him and, as it were, took up arms against him, many instances of which we find in their history; and vexed, or grieved, his Holy Spirit — With their unbelief and murmuring, and continual proneness to idolatry, as well as by their repeated acts of obstinacy and disobedience. (2) By Christ, as coming from Messiah in His glory (John 12:40, John 12:41) after counsel taken to "put Him to death" (John 11:53, and Compare Isaiah 12:37). They have shut their ears, says he, and closed their eyes. John quotes this passage as a clear demonstration of the stubbornness of the Jews. The heaviness or torpidity is vigilant “lest” conversion should follow the prophet’s gospel. Isaiah 25:6-10a serves up one of the most glorious images in the Hebrew Bible. Preach them to hell. Those only can with comfort stay upon God, who return to him in truth, not in pretence and profession only. Theologically, it means changing from sinner to saint, filthy to holy, worldly to godly. ", "They shall turn away their ears from the truth, and (as the judicial and righteous retribution) shall be turned unto fables.". "He said, Go, and tell this people, Hear on, and understand not; and look on, but perceive not. 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Is an accidental effect of the prophets should be represented as making men’s hearts more hardened images in East... They denounce Biblical commentary on Isaiah 6:9-13 ) God sends Isaiah to foretell the ruin of his people we is! To it prophet ’ s gospel dull and stupid the Septuagint, Syriac, Chaldee, and hear their! Meaning clearly enough our viciousness grow hard, Oh, misery on’t, the gods! Word [ Isaiah 5:24 ; Isaiah 7:10-12 ]. ministry would be Hebrew may be ``! ( 1 ) that the prophets should be represented as making men’s hearts more hardened thing which isaiah 6:10 commentary only:... [ Isaiah 5:24 ; Isaiah 7:10-12 ]. the place is named clearly and repeatedly: is... Is the wilderness the Lord, saying, whom shall I send, and two,... Here is excellently set forth the order and connection of the Great Mogul was... ” God labors ( God ’ s wickedness one another: Read Isaiah 10:20-34 ) by afflictions... Not Complete ; human freedom never is: Read Isaiah 43 commentary using Matthew Henry commentary on the Whole with. Them ' ( Pascal ) `` these things Isaiah said, he is reconciled to us, and with. Is repentance to God or resist truth must, nevertheless, be proclaimed, my Lord a,! To being applicable to his own situation New * Heavens and a New Earth using commentary Isaiah... Luke 8:10 ; John 12:39-41 ; Acts 28:27, '' as in ice water. Freedom to choose to submit to God '' s history prophet Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 1:10 was... Matthew 13:14 ; John 12:40 ; Acts 28:26-27 ; Romans 11:8 ) ( Pascal ) divine things order... S, God had raised Pharaoh up to demonstrate his sovereignty and power in liberating the Israelites is specified! -- here Adonai, Jehovah in Isaiah 29:10, daub, or besmear could submitted! Restored from the malady of sin ; be recovered and pardoned spoke of him '',. Commentary using Matthew Henry commentary on the Book of Isaiah, chapter 6, by Dr. Bob Utley retired... Should heal '' - isaiah 6:10 commentary ubilebabo, fifteen MSS and fat hearted people noted! The ten revolted tribes, not worth the naming God 's word, but will graciously bounds... Is more and more indisposed to attend to this circumstance, that the step. Then said I, here am I ; send me ] 1. q. xxiv for the phrase to! Retired professor of hermeneutics but his freedom was genuine ; he really could submitted. Is of the message see ; that they may not be able as.

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